Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin resistance, which may be combined with relatively reduced insulin secretion. The defective responsiveness of body tissues to insulin is believed to involve the insulin receptor. However, the specific defects are not known. Diabetes mellitus cases due to a known defect are classified separately. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type. In the early stage of type 2, the predominant abnormality is reduced insulin sensitivity. At this stage, hyperglycemia can be reversed by a variety of measures and medications that improve insulin sensitivity or reduce glucose production by the liver.
Not everyone experiences symptoms early on and a diagnosis may quite unexpectedly arise when some tests for some other unrelated conditions are carried out and it is then revealed or suspected from such findings as glucose or protein levels detected in a urine sample via a simple dipstick analysis or a path lab result or maybe a raised glucose level on a veinous blood sample,however some common early symptoms may include the following:
. Feeling more thirsty than normal
. More frequent urination which can be more noticeable at night
. Recurrent bouts of Thrush or skin infections such as boils and abcesses,bleeding gums and oral infections
. Weightloss (Although not everyone experiences this and some people find they have suddenly gained weight in the period leading up to diagnosis)
. Blurred vision